BAR-ILAN (Berlin), MEIR


BAR-ILAN (Berlin), MEIR
BAR-ILAN (Berlin), MEIR (1880–1949), leader of religious Zionism. Bar-Ilan was born in Volozhin, Russia, the son of R. Naphtali Ẓevi Judah Berlin . He completed his studies in yeshivot at Volozhin, Telz, Brisk (Brest-Litovsk), and Novogrudok. As a young man he joined the mizrachi movement, representing it at the Seventh Zionist Congress (1905), at which, unlike the majority of Mizrachi delegates, he voted against the uganda scheme . In 1911 he was appointed secretary of the world Mizrachi movement, working in Berlin, and he coined the Mizrachi slogan "Ereẓ Yisrael le-Am Yisrael al Pi Torat Yisrael" ("The land of Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel"). He moved to the United States in 1915, served as president of the U.S. Mizrachi, and from 1925 was a member of the Board of Directors of the jewish national fund . In 1926 Bar-Ilan settled in Jerusalem where he served as president of the World Mizrachi center and as the Mizrachi representative in Zionist and yishuv institutions, including clandestine committees for defense. Between 1929 and 1931 he was a member of the Zionist Executive. A leading opponent of the Palestine partition plan in 1937, and of the British White Paper of 1939, he advocated civil disobedience and complete noncooperation of the Jewish population toward the British government. After the establishment of the State of Israel, he organized a committee of scholars to examine the legal problems of the new state in the light of Jewish law, and was an initiator of the National Religious Front, the group of religious parties that presented a united platform in the first Knesset elections. A central figure in the Zionist religious movement, Bar-Ilan founded and edited a religious Zionist weekly, Ha-Ivri ("The Hebrew"), which was published in Berlin from 1910 to 1914 and in New York from 1916 to 1921. Between 1938 and 1949 he was editor in chief of the Mizrachi daily, Ha-Ẓofeh, in Tel Aviv. Some of his articles were collected in his books Bi-Shevilei ha-Teḥiyyah ("In the Paths of Renaissance," 1940) and Kitvei Rabbi Meir Bar-Ilan (1950). His memoirs, Mi-Volozhin ad Yerushalayim ("From Volozhin to Jerusalem," 1939–40), were originally published in Yiddish. He also wrote a book about his father, entitled Rabban shel Yisrael ("Rabbi of Israel," 1943). He initiated and organized the publishing of the Talmudic Encyclopaedia, begun in 1947. He also founded the institute for the publication of a new complete edition of the Talmud. Bar-Ilan University near Tel Aviv, founded by the American Mizrachi movement, is named in his honor, as is the Meir Forest in the Hebron hills, and the moshav Bet Meir near Jerusalem. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Avigur, Ilan ve-Nofo (1952); M. Krone, Ha-Rav Meir Bar-Ilan (1954); EZD, 1 (1958), 334–47; A. Hertzberg, The Zionist Idea (1960), 546–54. (Zvi Kaplan)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bar-Ilan (Berlin), Meir — (1880–1949)    A leader of religious Zionism, Bar Ilan’s father headed the famous Volozhin Yeshivah in Russia for some forty years. In his youth Meir received a traditional education but also became an enthusiastic Zionist. In 1905 he… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • BAR-ILAN UNIVERSITY — BAR ILAN UNIVERSITY, a religiously oriented university, founded in 1955. In the mid 1990s Bar Ilan was the third largest university in Israel. The university s aim is to advance knowledge in both Jewish studies and general science in accordance… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Meir Bar-Ilan — For other uses, see Bar Ilan (disambiguation). Meir Berlin, later Hebraized to Meir Bar Ilan, (1880 1949), born Volozhin, Lithuania, died Jerusalem, Israel) was an Orthodox rabbi and leader of Religious Zionism, the Mizrachi movement in USA and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bar-Ilan-Universität — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Bar Ilan Universität Motto Tradition of Excellence Gründung 1955 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Meir Bar-Ilan — (hebraisiert aus ursprünglich Meir Berlin; * 10. April 1880 in Woloschin, Russland; † 17. April 1949 in Jerusalem) war orthodoxer Rabbiner und eine bedeutende Führungsfigur des religiösen Zionismus. Leben und Wirken Sein Vater, Rabbiner Naphtali… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Meir Bar Ilán — Meir Bar Ilan (nacido como Meir Berlin, (Valozyn, Lituania 1880 Jerusalén, Israel, 1949) fue un rabino ortodoxo y líder del movimiento sionista religioso Mizrahi en Estados Unidos y el Mandato Británico de Palestina. Fue fuente de inspiración… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bar-Ilan University — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Bar Ilan Universität Motto Tradition of Excellence Gründung 1955 Trägerschaft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bar-Ilan University — Infobox University name =Bar Ilan University native name =אוניברסיטת בר אילן established =1955 type =Public endowment = staff =1,350 faculty = president =Moshe Kaveh provost = principal =Haim Glick rector =Joseph Menis chancellor = vice… …   Wikipedia

  • Universität Bar-Ilan — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Bar Ilan Universität Motto Tradition of Excellence Gründung 1955 Trägerschaft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BERLIN, ḤAYYIM — (1832–1912), Lithuanian rabbi, eldest son of R. Naphtali Ẓevi Judah Berlin , head of the yeshivah at Volozhin for some 40 years. Ḥayyim Berlin received his education from his father and became conversant with all aspects of rabbinic literature as …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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